Classification of Alzheimer’s symptoms

Cognitive Symptoms

These symptoms are characterized by gradual onset, is progressive cognitive decline.

  • Memory problems: a person may not learn new information but neither remembers previously learned information. Usually, people remember old memories, but forget what they did the day before.
  • Language disorders: not find their words, or replace some words in the sentence so that it becomes incomprehensible.
  • Can not perform some motor activity: for example, no longer knows how to dress properly, do not know how to brush their hair or brush their teeth etc.
  • Not recognized objects around.
  • Reasoning problems: people with Alzheimer’s can not do simple math, or completely forget the significance of numbers.

Non-cognitive symptoms

  • Mood disorders: include anxiety, irritability, aggressiveness, depression, often lead tend to get lost;
  • Psychosis: 3 main categories of symptoms: hallucinations (the idea that someone lives in the house) delirium ideas (the belief that it is persecuted)
  • Other: food behavior disorders, screaming, require attention from others.

Signs depending on disease stage

1. Early stage. In the moderate stage of the disease in 40-50% of people occurs depression cases, delirium is 20-30% of cases (predominantly ideas of persecution, jealousy), visual and auditory hallucinations, psycho-motor agitation. Also, the patient loses the ability to properly articulate words (aphasia), does not understand his own language.

The patient can not perform coordinated voluntary movements (apraxia). Fail basic gestures and movements are disorganized, so the patient can no longer care, can not eat, cannot use the toilet.

2. Late stage. The words is diminished to extinction, reaching thus the impossibility of communication. Neurological picture worsens and hypertonic muscle stiffness.

Gradually, the patient can not walk, then loses its ability to keep seated in the chair, appears sphincter incontinence. Finally, the patient can not even smile or lift his head. Also, difficulties in swallowing solids and liquids.

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